Atlanta fell to the Federals a month prior, on September 2nd. John Bell Hood continued to lurk in the area and decided to attack the Federal supply base at Allatoona, located along Western and Atlantic railroad. William T. Sherman ordered Brigadier General John Corse stationed in Rome to defend the pass and the stores at Allatoona. There, on October 5, 1864, he clashed with Confederate troops commanded by New Jersey native Major General Samuel French.
|Samuel French's map of Allatoona|
From Two Wars: The Autobiography of Samuel G. French (1901)